Problem statements are traditionally based on a nursing diagnosis. The nursing diagnosis is a problem that nurses can identify and treat. Medical diagnoses can be part of the nursing care plan problem statement, but not the actual problem itself. The most commonly used nursing diagnoses are the ones approved by NANDA, the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, and are grouped by functional health patterns.
The goal can be to prevent a potential problem from occurring, to maintain a present status or level of functional ability, or to resolve a currently existing problem. Goals are usually stated in terms of an action the resident will perform.
Interventions describe specific actions taken by the staff to achieve the stated goal, and are based on standards of clinical practice. Like the goals of nursing care plans , interventions need to be specific, measurable, appropriate, and realistic. Interventions are worded in terms of what the staff will do to assist the resident to meet the stated goals for the problem.
Evaluation is an ongoing activity that examines the problem itself, the goals, and the interventions to determine if they are still applicable or if changes to the care plan need to be made.
See how these principles are applied by viewing these sample care plans: